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XML (eXtensible Markup Language) is a markup language that is used to encode and structure data in a human-readable and machine-readable format. It is based on the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and was designed to be both extensible and simple, making it a popular choice for storing and exchanging data on the web.

XML documents contain elements and attributes that are used to describe the data they contain. Elements are used to enclose data and can be nested to create a hierarchical structure. Attributes are used to provide additional information about elements and are specified as name-value pairs.

Here is an example of an XML document:

Copy code<?xml version="1.0"?>
<book id="bk101">
<author>Gambardella, Matthew</author>
<title>XML Developer's Guide</title>
<description>An in-depth look at creating applications
with XML.</description>
<book id="bk102">
<author>Ralls, Kim</author>
<title>Midnight Rain</title>
<description>A former architect battles corporate zombies,
an evil sorceress, and her own childhood to become queen
of the world.</description>

In this example, the catalog element contains two book elements, each of which has several child elements (author, title, etc.) that provide information about the book. The book elements also have an id attribute that provides a unique identifier for each book.

XML is widely used in a variety of applications, such as web services, data storage, and document formatting. It is also used as the basis for other markup languages, such as HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and XHTML (Extensible Hypertext Markup Language).

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XML online coding platform

Use RunCode.io to write, debug, and run code that processes XML data. To do this, you will need to select a programming language that has libraries and tools for working with XML, such as Python, Java, or C#.

Once you have selected a programming language, you can use the online code editor to write and run your code. RunCode.io also provides a debugger that you can use to find and fix any errors in your code.

Here is an example of how to parse an XML document and extract data using Python and the xml.etree.ElementTree library:

Copy codeimport xml.etree.ElementTree as ET

# Parse the XML document
tree = ET.parse('books.xml')
root = tree.getroot()

# Iterate over the book elements and print the data
for book in root.findall('book'):
id = book.get('id')
author = book.find('author').text
title = book.find('title').text
print(f'Book {id}: {title} by {author}')

In this example, we use the ET.parse function to parse an XML document and the getroot function to get the root element of the document. We then use the findall and find functions to locate the book elements and extract the data from their child elements.

You can use similar techniques to extract data from an XML document using other programming languages, such as Java or C#. RunCode.io provides a range of environments that come pre-installed with the necessary libraries and tools for working with XML in these languages.

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